The Jos ECWA Theological Seminary stands firmly within the evangelical tradition of orthodox
Christianity and ascribes to the articles of faith of the Evangelical Church Winning All (ECWA).
The Scriptures: The sixty-six books of both Old and New Testaments are the inspired Word
of God, without error in the words of the original writings, the complete revelation of God’s will for
the salvation of men, and the divine and final authority for all Christian faith and life (II Tim 3:16;
II Pet 1:21; I Cor 2:13).
God: There is one God, the Creator and Preserver of all things, infinite in being and perfection.
He exists eternally in three Persons – Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, who are co-equal (Deut 6:4;
Matt 28:19; Heb 1:1-13; Col 1.25, 19).
Jesus Christ: Jesus Christ is very God and very Man, having been conceived of the Holy
Spirit and born of the Virgin Mary. He lived a perfect, sinless life. He died on the cross, the
sacrifice for our sin, according to the Scriptures. He rose bodily from the dead and ascended into
heaven, where He is now our High Priest and Advocate at the right hand of the Majesty on high
(Luke 2:3–33; Phil 2:5–8; 1 Cor 15:1–4; Heb 1:3).
The Holy Spirit: The Holy Spirit is the Third Person of the Godhead who regenerates (that
is, gives new life to anyone who, dead in sins and trespasses, exercises saving faith in Jesus Christ;
Rom 8:11; John 6:63a); indwells (that is, resides in everyone who truly believes in Jesus Christ;
John 14:16, 17; Rom 8:9, 11, 15; 1 Cor 6:19): baptizes (that is, places every true believer into the
Body of Christ, thus joining each believer to Christ in a mystical union; 1 Cor 12:13; Gal 3:26, 27;
Rom. 6:3, 4); seals (that is, by the abiding presence of the Holy Spirit in the believer, the divine
mark of ownership is eternally placed to indicate that the one indwelt is God’s own possession; Eph
1:13;14; 4:30); and fills those who believe (that is, empowers those yielded to God in daily conduct
and service; 2 Cor 3:18; Eph 5:16, 22–25; Col 3:17). The Holy Spirit’s ministry is to glorify Christ
in the life of the believer as He guides, instructs, empowers and gives spiritual abilities for service
(John 3:3–6; 1 Cor 6:19; 12:13; Eph 5:18; Acts 1:8).
Angels: God originally created an innumerable company of sinless, spirit beings, known as
angels. They are messengers of God to help His people in all ages. One angel, high in rank, sinned
through pride. He is known as Satan. A great company of other spirit beings followed suit in
Satan’s fall. They became active agents known as demons (Isa 14:12–17; Ezek 28:11–19; 1 Tim
Man: Man was created in the image and likeness of God, but in Adam, all humankind fell into sin
with the result that all men are sinners, by nature and action. All men are depraved and without
hope apart from the grace of God (Gen 1:26,27; 2:17; 6:5; Rom 3:10–20; John 3:6, 16).
Salvation: is received by faith alone in the God-man, Jesus Christ, apart from works. Christ
died as a substitutionary sacrifice to redeem us from our sins. He shed blood and His resurrection
provides the only ground of justification and salvation. Only those who receive Jesus Christ are
born of the Holy Spirit and are truly Christians, even children of God (Acts 4: 12; John 3:7; 1 Cor
5:21; 10:28; Rom 8:29; Heb 7:25; 1 John 2:1, 2).
Assurance and Eternal Security: Everyone who truly believes Jesus Christ’s
atoning work and has appropriated this benefit personally to his life is assured of salvation both
now and forever, confidence that those so assured are eternally kept saved due to the abiding
presence of the Holy Spirit unto the day of redemption (Col 2:2; 1 John 5:13; Heb 6:11; 10:22; John
5:24; 10:28; Rom 8:29; Heb 7:25; 1 John 2: 1,2).
Sanctification: Sanctification, that is believers’ setting apart unto God is three-fold:
positional, at the point of conversion; progressive on a daily basis as we walk the Christian pilgrim
way; and ultimate sanctification which is experienced in the hereafter when each believer enters
into the presence of the Lord (John 10:17; 2 Cor 3:18; 7:1; Eph 4:24; 5:25–27; 1 Thess 5:23; Heb
10:10, 14; 12:10; 1 John 2: 15–17; 3:2). 14
The Church: The Church, embracing all true believers, is the Body and Bride of Christ,
formed by the baptism of the Holy Spirit (that is, the placing of the individual believers in the Body
of Christ). The local church is intended to be a local organised representation of the mystical Body
of Christ, and should be composed only of true believers (Eph 1:22–23; 1 Cor 12:13; Phil 1:1; Eph
1:20–23; 4:3–10, 30; Col 3:14–15).
Ordinances: The ordinances of the Church are the Lord’s Supper and Water Baptism by
immersion, which are to be observed by the Church during the present age. Neither of these is a
means of salvation (Matt 28:19; Luke 22:19–20; Acts 8:36–38; 10:47–48; 16:32; 18:7–8; 1 Cor
Christian Life and Service: Men are saved unto good works (Eph 2:10; Tit 3:8) and
faith without works is dead (Jas 2:17). Therefore, Christians are called to a holy life of service and
testimony in the power of the Holy Spirit, which service includes the propagation of the Gospel
message to the whole world. The Holy Spirit bestows His own sovereign will, diverse grace gifts
upon all that believe in Christ for enablement in service of God’s glory. Christians will give account
of and receive reward for their faithful service at the judgment seat of Christ (Acts 1:8; 1 Cor 3: 12-
15; 1 Pet 1: 15-16; 2 Cor 5: 9-10; Rom 12: 6; 1 Cor 12: 4-11; Eph 4: 11).
Spiritual Gifts: These are bestowed freely as determined by the Holy Spirit on believers and
not by the will or desire of man. These grace gifts (unmerited favour) are meant for the edification
of the Body of Christ and for service to the glory of God. In this age God has given for the building
up of the Church the following grace gifts among others: faith administration, care, prayer,
pastor/teacher, evangelist, wisdom, knowledge, discernment (Rom 12:6; 1 Cor 12:4–11; Eph 4:11).
Some of the spiritual gifts listed in Scripture, for example tongues, healing, etc., are sign gifts.
However, an undue emphasis on possession of any of those sign gifts as a means or prerequisite for
salvation is unscriptural and is rejected (John 6:3–16; 16:13–14; Acts 1:8; 1 Cor 14: 1–40).
The Blessed Hope: The blessed hope of the Church is the personal, imminent and Premillennial second coming of the Lord Jesus Christ, which is the rapture of the believers, both the
living and the dead. This hope has a vital bearing on the personal life and service of the believers
(John 14:13; 1 Cor 15:51–52; 1 Thess 4: 13–18; Tit 2: 11–14; 2 Pet 3:11).
Resurrection: All the dead will eventually be resurrected bodily at the end times, the
believers into everlasting blessedness and joy with their Lord, the unbelievers into judgment and
everlasting conscious punishment (John 11: 25–26; Luke 16:19–26; 23: 42; 1 Cor 15:20–22; 2 Cor
5: 8; 2 Thess 1: 7–9; Rev 20:11–15).